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Dashoguz (Tashauz)

On the outskirts of Khiva Khanate

Dashoguz is an administrative centre of the Northern province (velayat) of Turkmenistan. It is situated in Tashauz oasis near the largest river of Central Asia — Amu Darya river. Previously, there laid ancient Khorezm, one of the most powerful medieval empires in the region. The city was founded in 1681 as a caravanserai on the outskirts of Khiva Khanate at the intersection of trade routes. The city's name is derived from the Oguz tribal union "Dysh Oguz", which means "farthest oguz". In 1992, the Russian version of the name, Tashauz, was changed to the Turkmen version, Dashhovuz, and in 1999 the city received a new name — Dashoguz.

Magnificent Kunya-Urgench

The main sight near Dashoguz, which attracts a lot of tourists, is medieval city of Kunya-Urgench (Köneurgench), which was the capital of the Khorezm Empire, and which was totally destroyed by the hordes of Genghis Khan in the XIII century. Located 100 km from Dashoguz, this city has preserved magnificent architectural monuments of X – XIV centuries that are included the list of UNESCO World Heritage. Kunya-Urgench is also a state historical reserve of Turkmenistan on the territory of Dashoguz velayat.

The railway station and the airport, as objects of visit

Despite the small size of the city, there is one of the oldest airports of Turkmenistan, located 12 km from the city. It has regular domestic flights to Ashgabat, Turkmenabat, Turkmenbashi and Mary. The airport was reconstructed in 2009-2010. The city's Railway Station is considered as object of visit not only of Dashoguz but also the whole region. It is still largest and the most modern railway station in Aral Sea region.

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