Kazakh long-liver city Turkistan is one of the oldest cities in Southern Kazakhstan, appeared on the world map around V century at the crossroads of caravan routes from Samarkand, Bukhara and Khiva to the north. Turkistan is one of the few cities of Kazakhstan arising on the Great Silk Road, that undoubtedly contributed to its development as a major historical and cultural center of Southern Kazakhstan. The further strengthening of the position of the city has led to the fact that in the XVI-XVIII centuries Turkistan became the capital of the powerful Kazakh Khanate.
Place of residence of sufi and poet Akhmed Yasawi Turkistan was the city where lived the famous sufi, poet and philosopher of XII century Akhmed Yasawi. Many things in Turkistan are connected with his name. For example, the International Kazakh-Turkish University named after Khoja Akhmed Yasawi - the largest in Central Asia higher education institution, capable to educate more than 20 thousand students at once. But the main sight of Turkistan is built by Tamerlane in XIV c. on the site of the tomb of Yasawi magnificent mausoleum, which is included into the UNESCO World Heritage List. Mausoleum of Akhmed Yasawi makes present Turkistan one of the centers of the Muslim pilgrimage in Central Asia.
Other sights of Turkistan Besides the mausoleum of Yasawi, Turkistan is glorious by wonderful historical museum, covering the period of the Mongol conquest of the city, as well as a monument of the XIX century - the mausoleum of Arystan-baba, dedicated to one of the medieval sufis. Another interesting object of visit is museum-reserve Azret-Sultan, which includes several ancient cities, towers and mausoleums. The main object of Azret Sultan is mausoleum of Yasawi itself; other objects are scattered around the area about 90 hectares.